Moscow Art Theatre
Established by K. S. Stanislavsky and V. I.
It was opened on October 14(1898) with the play “Tsar Fedor Ioanovich” in the “Hermitage” theatre building (Karetny ryad, 3). Since
The Art Theatre’s existence began from a meeting of Stanislavsky and
The core of the company (O. Knipper, I. Moskvin, V. Meierhold, M. Savitskaya, M. Germanova, M. Roksanova, N. Litovtseva) was formed from students of the drama branch of the
The real birth of MXT is bound up with Anton Chekhov’s drama (“The Seagull”,
Together with these young actors the Theatre started to create modern repertory (“Pugachevshchina” by K. A. Trenev,
“Front” by A. E. Korneichuk, “Russian people” by K. M. Simonov, and “The Marine officer” by A. A. Kron were put on the stage during the years of World War II. Among the posterior plays were “The Last Victim” by Ostrovsky (1940), “The Fruits of Enlightenment” by L. N. Tolstoy (1951), “Maria Stuart” by F. Schiller (1957), “The Golden Carriage” by L. M. Leonov (1958), “Dear Liar” by J. Kilty.
But in spite of individual successes, the theatre was in a crisis at the end of
After O. Efremov death in 2000, Oleg Tabakov became an Artistic Director of Chekhov’s MXAT, taking a course towards renewing the repertory (with stagings of classic world literature, including “Hamlet”, “The Cherry Orchard”, “The Golovev’s”, “The White Guard”, “King Lear”, and “Tartuffe” as well as modern patriotic and world literature). O. Yakovleva, A. Leontiev, A. Pokrovskaya, V, Khlevinsky, K. Khabensky, M. Porechenkov, V. Krasnov and others were invited in the troupe. The best forces of the modern directing are drawn to direct the shows — Y. Butusov, S. Zhenovach, M. Karbayskis, K. Serebrennikov, A. Shapiro, T. Chkheidze. In 2001 a third, New, stage was opened especially for experimental performances.
In 2004 the theatre returned to its original name — Moscow Art Theatre (MXT), excluding the word Academic.
The Moscow Art Theatre’s Museum
The museum has existed since
In the structure of the museum are: a department of manuscripts and book collections, a department of decorative funds and
School-Studio of Moscow Art Theatre
In 1943, based at the Art Theatre, the Moscow Art Theater institute of higher education